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Academic Information

1997 Ed.D Doctor of Education in Curriculum & Instruction Boise State University

1981-94 Post Graduate work in the Humanities & Education Gonzaga University, Eastern Washington University, and Boise State University

1980 BB.A Quantitative Business Analysis, Gonzaga University


My interests are varied but I have had an abiding relationship with questions related to theories of learning, knowing, and understanding. My academic training is in education where I have primarily studied interdisciplinary topics related to pedagogy,  design, and epistemology. My early experience teaching primarily 5th grade and later work with adolescents has had an abiding and formative impact on my involvement in the area of understanding, meaning, and relevance. I have been involved in post-graduate medical education for over 20 years studying the pedagogy and dynamics of residency training programs and clinical environments. This work has influenced my interpretation of leadership as a body, mind, and health based practice (as opposed to a primarily commercial/organizational or military perspective) and led me to inquire more deeply into the phenomenological and existential elements of leadership identity and behavior. I study these broad topics through a pragmatist and Meadian (GH Mead) lens and am coming to better understand various frameworks for describing and explaining the self, self-consciousness (or reflective consciousness), the social construction of “reality” and the part that a critical realist plays in leadership studies. As a consequence of this study I am interested in the effects of transformative dialogue on the self. This is also related to my study of how individuals, groups, and organizations express leadership as reflected through ecological psychology, symbolic interactionism, situated theory, apprenticeship models of learning & knowing, and post-structural interpretations. Underlying most of my inquiries is a fundamental interest in how and why we affect each other as we do and how and why we are also affected.

I am also interested in the intersection of leadership studies with Ignatian pedagogy and spirituality. I weave all of the above into my teaching, advising, and writing.

I am most recently inquiring into transdisciplinary thinking and reading in the area of the “new materialism” as it relates broadly to social theory. All of these themes connect with my fundamental interest in the antecedents to leadership phenomena and how these antecedents affect leadership studies in general.

Scholarly Work:

Francovich, C. (2022). Recontextualizing reflective consciousness: A Meadian approach to relational care. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology. Advance online publication.

Francovich, C. (2020). Leadership studies in the cross roads.
 Journal of Leadership Education, 19(4), 163-179.

McGrath, C., Francovich, C., Smieja, JA., Cronin, C., Lacueva, G., Sabin, RE., Song, JY., Voltzow, J.,Zhong, X. (2019). Building a Framework to Advance the Careers of Women in STEM at Predominantly Undergraduate Institutions. The Advance Journal, 1(2)

 Francovich, C. (2017) A Meadian Approach to Radical Bohmian Dialogue. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 47: 98–128.

 Francovich, C. (2015)  Transdisciplinarity, Autopoiesis, and Dialogue: An Educational Project.  The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Educational Studies, 10(2) 1-11.

 Smith, S, Hill, W., Francovich, C., Morris, M., Robbins, B., Robins, L., & Turner, A. (2014) Diagnostic Reasoning across the Medical Education Continuum. Healthcare, 2, pp. 253-271.

 Francovich, C. (2013). Developing Proprioceptive Body Awareness in a Dialogue Circle The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social and Community Studies, 7(1). 13-23.

 Smith CS, Morris M, Francovich C, Tivis R, Bush R, Sanders SS, Graham J, Niven A, Kai M, Knight C, Hardman J, Caverzagie K, & Lobst, W,. (2013) A multi-site validation of the ACGME competencies with five stakeholder groups”. Academic Medicine 88(7):997-1001

 Smith, CS., Hill, W., Francovich, C., Morris, M., Langlois-Winkle, F., Caverzagie, K., & Lobst. W. (2011). Developing a Cultural Consensus Analysis Based on the Internal Medicine Milestones (M-CCA) Journal of Graduate Medical Education.  Vol. 3, No. 2. pp. 246-248

 Francovich, C. (2010) An Interpretation of the Continuous Adaptation of the Self/Environment Process. International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Science, 6(3), 307-322.

 Smith, C.S.,Morris, M., Langois-Winkle F., Hill, W., Francovich, C. (2010). A pilot study using Cultural Consensus Analysis to measure Systems-Based Practice performance. International Journal of Medical Education, 1, 15-18

 Rushton, C., Reina, M., Francovich, C., Naumann, P., & Reina, D. (2010). Application of the Reina trust and betrayal model to the experience of pediatric critical care clinicians. American Journal of Critical Care, 19(4), e41-51.

 Francovich, C. (2008) Exploring Leadership Influence Behaviors in the Context of Behavior Settings. International Journal of Leadership Studies, Vol. 4 Is. 1, 2008, pp. 38-50.

 Francovich, C., Reina, M., Reina, D., Dilts, C. (March 2008) Trust Building Online: Virtual Team Collaboration and the Development of Trust in: Nemiro, J.,  Beyerlein, M., Bradley, L., Beyerlein, S. (Eds). The Handbook of High-Performance Virtual Teams. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass

 Smith CS, Morris M, Hill W, Francovich C, McMullin J, Christiano J, Chavez L, Roth C, Vo A, Wheeler S, Milne C. (2006) Testing the Exportability of a Tool for Detecting Operational Problems in VA Teaching Clinics. J Gen Intern Med;21:152-157.

 Smith CS, Morris M, Hill W, Francovich C, McMullin J, Chavez L, Rhoads C. (2004) Cultural Consensus Analysis as a Tool for Clinic Improvements. J Gen Intern Med, Special Issue on Education;19:512-516.

 Smith CS, Francovich C, Morris M, Hill W, Gieselman J. A (2004) Qualitative Study of Resident Learning in Ambulatory Clinic. The Importance of Exposure to ‘Breakdown’ in Settings that Support Effective Response. Advances in Health Sciences Education ;4(2): 93-105.

 Smith CS, Francovich C. (2002)  Development of a Structural Model of Activity and a Method for Analyzing Activity Systems. Proceedings of the 5th World Congress, International Society for Cultural Research and Activity Theory (ISCRAT). Amsterdam, June,2002.

 Smith CS, Francovich C, Gieselman J.(2000)  Pilot Test of an Organizational Culture Model in a Medical Setting. Health Care Manager;19:68-77.

 Smith CS, Francovich C, Gieselman J. (2000) Description of an Experiential Empathy and Self-Awareness Curriculum for Medical Residents. Annals of Behavioral Science and Medical Education ;7(1):5-12.

 Smith CS, Francovich C, Gieselman J, Servis M. (1998) A Broader Theoretical Model for Feedback in Ambulatory Care. Advances in Health Sciences Education;3:133-140.

Professional Experience

2006 - Current - Associate Professor Doctoral Program, Gonzaga University

2008-2012 - Assistant Professor Doctoral Program, Gonzaga University

2006 - 2007 Adjunct Faculty - Whitworth Univeristy, Spokane WA (intercultural communication & organizational behavior)

2005-2006 - Adjunct Faculty Doctoral Program, Gonzaga University

1993 – 2014 - Research Associate - Northwest Regional Faculty Development Center at the Boise VA Medical Center.

2001- 2012- Associate with the Reina Trust Building Institute of Stowe, Vermont - specialists in measuring & developing trust in individuals, teams, and organizations.

2000 – 2001, Process Specialist - Enterprise wide process development and organizational design work for Telect, Inc., Liberty Lake, WA.

1998 – 2000 Consulting & Development of nationally disseminated training curriculum materials for the National Institute of Technology (NIST) Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP).

1997 - 1998 Organizational development specialist for the Idaho Transportation Department (ITD).

1992-2000 Private practice of educational counseling and consulting working with children and adults

1991 - 1992 School Head - The Carden School, Boise, Idaho.

1990-1991- Teacher - Boise Public Schools (Alternative High School). Developed an experiential education program geared toward non-traditional learners.

1989-1990 - Corporate Sales - Bekins Northwest, Boise, Idaho

1982-1989 Teacher and academic head of the Lower School. Saint George's School, Spokane, Washington (an independent, K-12 co-educational day school).